The Army of Berg 1806-1813
On 12 July 1806, on signing the Treaty of the Confederation of the Rhine in Paris, sixteen German states joined together in a confederation with Napoleon as its "protector". The Confederation was above all a military alliance: the members had to maintain substantial armies for mutual defense and supply France with large numbers of military personnel. In return for their cooperation some state rulers were given higher statuses: Cleve-Berg, one of the founder members of the confederation was made into a Grand Duchy. As events played out, however, the members of the confederation found themselves more subordinated to Napoleon than they had been to the Habsburgs.
The Army of the Grand Duchy of Berg was previously looked at an earlier book published in the 1970s which has been out of print since 1984. This new e-book volume has been completely revised and updated and is illustrated with all new line drawings and colour illustrations, from contemporary and modern sources.